Authorized January 1, 1863, and organized at Nashville, Tenn., January 14, 1863, from Company "G," 19th Illinois Infantry. Company "G," 19th Illinois Infantry, organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in June 17, 1861. Moved to Quincy, Ill., July 12-13, thence to Palmyra, Mo., July 14, and guard Hannibal & St. Joseph R. R. from Quincy to Palmyra and between Palmyra and Hannibal till July 27. Moved to Hannibal, thence to St. Louis, Mo., and to Bird's Point and Norfolk. Duty at Norfolk till August 14. Moved to Ironton August 14. Prentiss' Expedition toward Dallas and Jackson August 29-September 8. Moved to Cape Girardeau, Fort Holt, Ky., and Elliott's Mills, thence moved to Cairo, hi., September 16, under orders for Washington, D.C. While en route east September 17, via Ohio & Mississippi R. R., Bridge No. 48, over Beaver Creek, 30 miles west of Cincinnati, Ohio, broke through, precipitating six passenger coaches a distance of 60 feet, killing and wounding 129 of the Regiment. At Camp Dennison, Ohio, till September 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., September 24-25, thence to Lebanon, Ky., September 25, and duty there till October 22. Moved to Elizabethtown, Ky., and duty there and at Bacon Creek, Ky., till February 10, 1862. Attached to 8th Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of Ohio, to August. Advance on Bowling Green, Ky., February 10-15. Occupation of Bowling Green till February 22. Advance on Nashville, Tenn., February 22-25. Occupation of Nashville till March 18. Advance to Murfreesboro March 18, thence to Shelbyville, Tullahoma and McMinnville March 25-28. Advance on Huntsville, Ala., via Fayetteville, April 4-11. Occupation of Huntsville April 11. Advance on and capture of Decatur and Tuscumbia April 11-14. Action at Tuscumbia April 24. At Huntsville till May 26. Athens May 13. Moved to Fayetteville May 26-June 2. Negley's Expedition to Chattanooga, Tenn., June 2-10. Chattanooga June 7-8. Expedition to Larkinsville and Stevenson June 14-20. Winchester June 16. Guard Railroad bridges from Huntsville to Decatur till August. Richland Creek, near Pulaski, August 27. Retreat to Nashville August 27-29. Fitted out as a Battery at Nashville September. Siege of Nashville September 12 to November 7. At Gallatin, Tenn., till November 20, when turned in guns and moved to Nashville. March to Murfreesboro, Tenn., and rejoin Regiment January 2, 1863. Permanently detached as a Battery January 14, 1863. Fitted at Nashville. Ordered to Murfreesboro, Tenn., February 20, 1863. Attached to Pioneer Brigade, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 4th Army Corps, to November, 1864. Reserve Artillery, Nashville, Tenn., to December, 1864.
SERVICE.--Duty at Murfreesboro, Tenn., till June, 1863. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign, August 16-September 22. Davis' Cross Roads, near Dug Gap, September 11. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. Operations in East Tennessee December, 1863, to April, 1864. Reconnoissance from Maryeville toward Seviersville February 1-2, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge and Dalton May 8-13. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Adairsville May 17. Near Kingston May 18-19. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Pickett's Mills May 27. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Nashville Campaign November and December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Transferred to 1st Regiment Illinois Light Artillery as Battery "B," December 21, 1864, which see.
Battery lost during service 2 Officers and 7 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 20 Enlisted men by disease. Total 29.
SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1042-3