Arrived at Vicksburg. We all went ashore to give the bands a chance to clean the boat. Myself and several others visited the town. Tried to get into one of the forts on the hill, but they would not let us in. The city showed many marks of the severe pounding it got during the little “onpleasantness” at the time General Grant was there. I saw many under-ground houses, some with two or three rooms. In one of them the carpet was left on the ground inside. I did not think they were any protection against mortars. But cannon balls could not reach them. At 7 p. m. we were on the way up the river.
SOURCE: Abstracted from George G. Smith, Leaves from a Soldier's Diary, p. 135