The Battle of Chickamauga took place on September 19 and 20, 1863, in northwestern Georgia. The battle was the most significant defeat of Union troops in the war’s western theater and involved the second-highest number of casualties in the war, second only to the Battle of Gettysburg. This tree section was taken from a white oak tree that stood near Confederate General Braxton Bragg as he commanded his troops on Snodgrass Hill. The quantity of case shot and other iron shot embedded in it is a testament to the “iron hail” into which troops would advance.
SOURCE: Interpretive sign (seen at right) next to the tree section in the Iowa and the Civil War: Nothing But Victory exhibit at the State Historical Museum of Iowa, Des Moines Iowa, July 18, 2012.