. . . laid out and in operation, being 71 miles more than Ohio, which ranks next, having 2,970 miles. The cost of building and equipping the railroads in Illinois is put down at $113,591,015. Pennsylvania ranking next to Ohio, has 2,918 miles in operation, New York, next, 2,758, and Indiana, next to New York, has 2,159. Massachusetts has 1,257 miles, which is less than Virginia and Georgia, the former of which has 1,729 and the latter 1,419 miles. The entire extent of railroads in operation in all the Free States is 20,683, that of the slave states, 11,111 – total, 31,794.
– Published in The Burlington Weekly Hawk-Eye, Burlington, Iowa, Saturday, February 1, 1862, p. 1