Friday, August 12, 2016

Edwin M. Stanton to Major-General John A. Dix, August 15, 1863

War Department, Washington City, August 15, 1863.

General, — Enclosed herewith I send you, by the hands of Colonel Fry —

1. A proclamation by the President to be used by you in case of any necessity arising for the employment of military force to overcome unlawful combinations against the authority of the general Government in executing the act of Congress to enroll and call out the National force. Of this necessity you are authorized to be the judge; and, if it arises, you will fill up the blanks and promulgate the proclamation. The original, with the great seal, remains with the archives of the Government in the State Department.

2. A call upon the Governor of New York by the President notifying him that the Militia are called forth, and requesting him to issue orders to Major-general Sandford.

The use of this paper is left to your discretion. It has occurred to the President that it may be proper and serviceable to put upon Governor Seymour a call for assistance, and let him render it, or shoulder the responsibility of refusing. It is not supposed that this call is essential to the authority of the President, or that the assent or obedience of Governor Seymour affects the right or power of the President to issue an order to General Sandford directly. But it may be an expedient courtesy, of which you are to judge, and which you should have the means of employing, if you think proper.

A blank is left for you to fill up with the State of New York, or any specific districts, as the case may require, and also a blank for date to be filled.

3. An order by the President upon General Sandford to report to you.

The date, and also the blank for State or specific districts, are to be filled up by you.

You will be apprised by the Provost-marshal General what re-enforcements will be sent forward. He will confer with you. Any farther aid or direction you may require will, on notice, be given, if in the power of the Government. In your energy, courage, and discretion the utmost confidence is placed by the Government.

Yours truly,

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.
Major-general Dix

SOURCE: Morgan Dix, Memoirs of John Adams Dix, Volume 2, p. 86-7


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