Showing posts with label 3rd NY CAV. Show all posts
Showing posts with label 3rd NY CAV. Show all posts

Wednesday, October 7, 2020

Diary of Corporal David L. Day: May 16, 1862


For some time past the pickets of the 17th Massachusetts have been a good deal troubled by being fired on in the night. The enemy's cavalry would come down, a few of them dismount and creeping up would fire on them. They would sometimes have cow bells with them, in order to divert attention and get nearer. But the boys soon learned that dodge, and when, they heard a cow bell, would draw their straightest bead on it and let fly. In this state of affairs it was thought best to make those fellows a call, and if they wanted anything of us to give them an opportunity to take it. So, yesterday morning, we marched out to the Trent road, where we joined the 17th Massachusetts, with five companies of the 3d New York cavalry and a section of a battery, the whole under command of Col. Amory, of the 17th. The cavalry taking the advance, we marched up the road a couple of miles, coming to a deep gully or ravine; crossing this, the advance cavalry guard soon came upon the enemy's pickets, driving them in and beyond their station into a swamp, where they formed an ambuscade, thinking there was only a small cavalry force and that they might capture them. By this time the infantry had come up to their rendezvous, which was a large, nice house, with ample barn room for their horses. Thinking this was too good accommodation for them and too near our line, it was set on fire and burned. We now heard firing ahead and hurried on. They had closed around the advance cavalry guard, and commenced the fight. The other companies being close by soon took a hand in it and were giving them about all they wanted when the infantry came up. When they saw the infantry and artillery they took to their heels towards Trenton, a small village a few miles distant. 

Col. Upton wanted to follow them up and give them some more, but Col. Amory being in command, thought we had accomplished our purpose and had better return. In this skirmish the enemy lost eight killed and two prisoners, one of them wounded. Our cavalry had two wounded. The wounded men were brought out and loaded into an ambulance. When they brought out the wounded rebel they put down the stretcher on which he was lying near where I was standing. He was a smooth-faced, fair-haired boy, and was moaning piteously with pain from a bullet wound in his head, and asking himself what his mother would say when she heard of it. His thoughts turned on his home and of his mother. I pitied the boy, but could not help thinking, as a cavalryman told him, he should have thought of that before being caught here... We arrived back in camp late in the afternoon, tired, hungry and covered with mud. I reckon they will not disturb our pickets any more at present in the way they have done. Creeping up in the dark and firing on a lone picket is mean and cowardly. If they want anything of us let them come in force and get it; that is proper and honorable. 

SOURCE: David L. Day, My Diary of Rambles with the 25th Mass. Volunteer Infantry, p. 58-9

Monday, September 8, 2014

6th Ohio Independent Cavalry Company

Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, August and September, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., September 23, 1861. Duty at Park House and near Old Soldiers' Home till December. Assigned to 3rd New York Cavalry as Company "I" and Joined Regiment at Poolesville, Md., December 9, 1861. (See 3rd New York Cavalry.)

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1481

3rd New York ("Van Allen") Cavalry

Regiment organized by Companies as follows: "A" at Rochester July 17, "E" at Syracuse July 30, "C" at Rochester August 4, D at Albany August 12, E at Elmira August 22, "F" at Rochester August 20, "G" at Boonville August 21, "H" at Rochester August 27, "I" at Syracuse August 27, "K" organized as Company "G," 13th New York Infantry, at Elmira, N.Y., May 14 (attached August 23); "L" at Cincinnati, Ohio, September 13, 1861, and "M" at Albany September 10, 1862. Regiment organized at Meridian Hill, Washington, D.C., September 9, 1861. Attached to Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac (5 Cos.), and Stone's Division, Army of the Potomac (6 Cos.), to December, 1861. Stone's Corps of Observation to March, 1862. Defences of Washington, D.C., to April, 1862. Unattached, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Unattached, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 18th Corps, to July, 1863. Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1863. Heckman's Command, Newport News, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to December, 1863. Heckman's Command, Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April 1864. 1st Brigade, Kautz's Cavalry Division, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to December, 1864. Norfolk, Va., to January, 1865. Portsmouth, Va., to March, 1865. Suffolk, Va., to June, 1865. Norfolk, Va., to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty In the Defences of Washington, D.C., and on the Upper Potomac till April, 1862. Operations on the Potomac October 21-24, 1861. Near Goose Creek and on Leesburg Road October 21. Ball's Bluff October 21. Near Edward's Ferry October 22. Bunker Hill, W. Va., March 5, 1862. Winchester March 10. Ordered to Dept. of North Carolina April 6. Haughton's Mills April 27. Near Burnt Church May 7. Reconnoissance toward Trenton May 15-16. Trenton Bridge May 15. Young's Cross Roads and Pollocksville May 15-16. Tranter's Creek May 30 (Co. "I"). Greenville Road May 81. Tranter's Creek June 2, 5 and 24 (Co. "I"). Swift Creek Bridge June 28 (Detachment). Tranter's Creek July 10. Expedition to Trenton and Pollocksville July 24-28. Trenton and Pollocksville July 25. Mill Creek July 26 (Co. "K"). Pollocksville July 26 (Co. "K"). Reconnoissance to Young's Cross Roads July 26-29 (Detachments. Near Young's Cross Roads July 27. Trenton and Kinston Road August 6. Reconnoissance to Swansboro August 14-15. Washington, N. C., September 6 (Cos. "D," "G," "H," "I" and "L"). Tranter's Creek September 9. Washington October 5 Pingo Creek October 29. Expedition from Newberne October 30-November 12. Rawle's Mills November 2. Near Tarboro November 5. Demonstration on Newberne November 11. Core Creek November 18. Foster's Expedition tp Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston Road December 11-12. Southwest Creek December 13-14. Kinston December 14. Whitehall Bridge December 15. Olive Station, Goshen Swamp and Whitehall December 16. Dudley Station, Thompson's Bridge and Goldsboro December 17. Core Creek January 8, 1863. Reconnoissance to Pollocksville, Tranter's, Young's Cross Roads snd Onslow January 17-21. Pollocksville and Northeast River January 17. Near Tranter's January 18. Young's Cross Roads January- 18-19. White Oak Creek January 19. Near Jacksonville January 20. Sandy Ridge and near Washington February 13. Near Newberne February 27. Expedition to Swann's Quarter March 1-6 (Co. "F"). Near Fairfield March 3 (Co. "F"). Skeet March 3. Near Fairfield and Swann's Quarter March 3-4 (Co. "F"). Demonstration on Kinston March 6-8 (Cos. "A," "E" and "H"). Core Creek March 7 (Cos. "A," "E" and "H"). Dover March 7 (Co. "H"). Expedition to Mattamuskeet Lake March 7-14 (Co. "F"). Deep Gully New Berne, March 13-14 (Detachment). Siege of Washington March 30-April 20 (1 Co.). White Forks April 3. Gum Swamp April 4. Swann's Quarter April 4. Rodman's Point April 4-5 (1 Co.). Near Dover, Core Creek and Young's Cross Roads April 7. Little Swift Creek April 8. Blount's and Swift Creek April 9. Expedition to Swift Creek Village April 13-21 (Detachment). Trent Road April 13-14. Near Newberne April 15. Peletier's Mills April 16. Expedition toward Kinston April 16-21 (Co. "H"). Expedition to Little Washington April 17-19 (Detachment). Railroad Crossing, Core Creek, April 17-18. Big Swift Creek April 19. Sandy Ridge April 20 (Co. "H"). Expedition toward Kinston April 27-May 1 (Detachment). Wise's Cross Roads and Dover Road April 28. Near Core Creek April 29. Core Creek April 30. Evans' Mills May 5. Peletter's Mills May 5 (4 Cos.). Stony Creek May 7 (4 Cos.). Demonstration on Kinston May 20-23 (4 Cos.). Gum Swamp May 22 (4 Cos.). Bachelor's Creek May 23. Washington May 24. Tranter's Creek, Jacksonville. May 31-June 2. Plymouth June 16. Scout to Ccre Creek June 17-18. Raid on Wilmington & Weldon Railroad July 3-7 (Detachment). Trenton July 8. Hallsville July 4. Warsaw and Kenensville July 5. Tar River Expedition July 18-24. Swift Creek July 18. Near Greenville July 19. Tarboro and Rocky Mount Station July 20. Sparta July 20. Hookerstown July 21. Swift Creek and Street's Ferry July 22. Scupperton July 22. Pollocksville July 26. Near New Berne October 7. Camden Court House and Dismal Swamp November 3. Operations about New Berne against Whiting January 18-February 4, 1864. Wistar's Expedition toward Richmond February 6-8, 1864. Bettom's Bridge and Baltimore Cross Roads February 7. Kautz's Raid against Petersburg & Weldon Railroad May 5-11. Wall's Bridge May 5. Stony Creek Station, Weldon Railroad, May 7. Nottaway Railroad Bridge May 8. White's Bridge, Nottaway River, May 8-9. Kautz's Raid on Richmond & Danville Railroad May 12-17. Flat Creek Bridge, near Chula Depot, May 14. Belcher's Mills May 16. Bermuda Hundred May 17-30. Near Hatcher's Run June 2. Near Petersburg June 9. Baylor's Farm June 15. Assaults on Petersburg June 15-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16-December 1, 1864. Wilson's Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Roanoke Bridge June 25. Sappony Church or Stony Creek June 28. Ream's Station June 29. Deep Bottom July 27-29. Malvern Hill August 1. Yellow Tavern August 19-21. Ream's Station August 23-25. Lee's Mills August 31. Reconnoissance to Sycamore Church September 5-6. Prince George Court House September 15. Jerusalem Plank Road and Sycamore Church September 16. Prince George Court House September 22. Chaffin's Farm September 28-30. Charles City Cross Roads October 1. Derbytown Road October 7 and 13. Johnson's Farm and New Market Road October 7. Chaffin's Farm October 8. Charles City Cross Roads October 20. Fair Oaks October 27-28. Charles City Cross Roads November 1. Darbytown Road November 15. Moved to Norfolk, Va., December, and duty there till January, 1865. Operations about Broadwater Ferry, Chowan River, December 11-19. Duty at Suffolk, Portsmouth and Norfolk till July. Scout to South Quay January 2, 1865 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "H" and "L"). Expedition to Murfree's Depot, N. C., March 10-11. South Quay March 11. Consolidated with 1st New York Mounted Rifles July 21, 1865, to form 4th Regiment Provisional Cavalry.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 45 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 150 Enlisted men by disease. Total 199.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1372-3

Saturday, June 30, 2012

Scouting near Winchester.

CHARLESTOWN, Va., March 12. – The town of Berryville, Va., was occupied by our troops yesterday, General Gorman directing the advance.  The enemy had 5,000 cavalry here on our arrival but the signal ordered a charge of the New York 3d cavalry upon them, supporting the onset with a sufficient force of artillery and infantry.  The enemy did not wait to fight, but ran helter skelter towards Winchester.  Twice last night were the pickets of Gen. Gorman’s brigade compelled to fall back by charges of Aspoy’s Cossacks.

This morning Gen. Gorman made a reconnoissance in force to within two miles of Winchester and drawing the rebels into a trap, they were again charged upon by our cavalry, losing four men.  Several prisoners have been taken from the enemy, while our total loss up to this time is one man and one horse.

– Published in The Burlington Weekly Hawk-Eye, Burlington, Iowa, Saturday, March 15, 1862, p. 3

Monday, November 7, 2011

From Washington


Tribune’s Special.

A reporter sent to the other side of the Potomac, assured us this morning that secretary Stanton had issued an order forbidding newspaper correspondents, as well as all others not actually connected some way or other with the service from accompanying any of the corps de armes.  Very many correspondents are with the army, and it is understood that an order was dispatched yesterday that the whole of them be cleared out and sent back, under penalty of immediate arrest and confinement if they attempt to stay.

Blenker’s brigade has been assigned to Fremont’s command.  Carl Schurz is to have command of a division under Fremont.

Col. Van Allen resigned his command of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry yesterday.  Lieut. Col. Mix will succeed him.

Times’ Correspondence.

It is not yet positively determined who will succeed Carl Schurz as Minister to Spain.  No nomination will be made to the Senate by the President until Schurz is confirmed as Brigadier General.  Hon. Geo. Ashman, of Mass., is talked of for the place.

Major Donaldson, chief of the quartermaster department in New Mexico, arrived at Washington to-day.  He brings much important information in regard to the rebel raid into that Territory.  He says the rebels hold every position of value, except Forts Craig and Union.  The latter, which is the most important fort in the far West, containing millions of dollars worth of government stores, is now safe beyond peradventure, and garrisoned by fifteen hundred soldiers.  It has water within the fortifications, and provisions for an almost unlimited siege.  It will be the rallying point for the ample Union forces now marching to expel the invaders.  Major D. relates many incidents of the late battle near Fort Craig, and says that Major Lockridge, of the Nicaragua filibusters, fell dead at the head of the Texas Rangers in the terrible charge on McRae’s battery.

Secretary Stanton will probably proceed to Fort Monroe to-morrow, to give matters there his personal attention.


It is now conceded among the rebels that the Virginia troops are equal, if not superior, to any in the army, notwithstanding the brag of the South Carolina chivalry. -  It is charged upon them that they were the first to break ranks and run at the battle of Bull Run.  A large number of desertions from the North Carolina and Georgia regiments are reported to have taken place lately.  The time of the London troops expires on April 23d.

The teamer King Phillip arrive from the lower river last night, bringing up four refugees from Richmond and Westmoreland county, Va., who came off from Kinsale on Saturday last.  They state that the rebels are pressing every man between the ages of 18 and 48 into the service, and they have been closely hunted by the press-gangs for a week or two.  The rebels had nearly all  left the neighborhood of London, but a few squads of their cavalry roamed through the country, pressing into service all able to bear arms.  The refugees also say that late secession papers state the Federal loss in the conflict with the Merrimac was fifteen hundred men.  Also, that the shots of the Monitor had no more effect on the sides of the Merrimac than hailstones.

Our loss in the engagement on Saturday and Sunday, March 22d and 23d, was 86 killed and 424 wounded; fifty have since died.

– Published in The Davenport Daily Gazette, Davenport, Iowa, Friday Morning, April 4, 1862, p. 1

Saturday, January 1, 2011

Peter E. Borst, First Lieutenant, 3rd New York Cavalry

Company D.

Cobleskill — Farmer; single; age 24; enlisted August, 1861; injured by dislocation of right shoulder, while on drill at Poolsville, Md.; wounded by gunshot through right elbow joint, during the "Wilson raid;" treated at Foster Hospital, Newberne; rejoined his company on detached service at Deep Gulley, N. C; received sabre cut on left shoulder at Little Washington, N. C; discharged as corporal, for re-enlistment, December 15, 1863; promoted to sergeant, to second lieutenant, to first lieutenant and to captain; mustered out as first lieutenant, July 12, 1865, at Suffolk, Va.; Albany, N. Y.; capitol orderly; married. Children, Lyra, Lansing, Guy, Kittie, Leland, Carlton.

SOURCE: George H. Warner, Compiler, Military Records Of Schoharie County Veterans Of Four Wars, p. 182-3

Peter E. Borst, 3rd New York Cavalry

Age 23 years. Enlisted June 10, 1861, at Cobleskill; mustered in as private, Company D, August 13, 1861, to serve three years; appointed corporal, no date recorded; re-enlisted December 16, 1863; promoted sergeant, date not recorded; mustered in as second lieutenant, Company K, January 9,1865; mustered out July 12,1865, at Suffolk, Va.; also borne as Peter E. Bust; commissioned as second lieutenant, December 7, 1864, with rank from November 30, 1864, vice Jeffries, discharged.

New York State Legislature, Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Volume 13,  p. 742

Only One Volunteer

A paper published at the county-seat of Schoharie county, N. Y., speaks of Peter Borst as the only volunteer from that town in the army.  We hear a great deal about Democrats making up our army, some saying there are 500,000 of that stripe in the service – others, more modest, claim twenty-five to one, two-thirds and a bare majority.  Here is a commentary on these pretensions.  One of the strongest Democratic counties in the State of New York, which can always be counted on by that party, furnishes one man from its county-seat for the army.  Now, we have no desire to underrate the patriotism of Democrats or any other portion of the people; men of all parties and factions have rallied to the help of the Union, and we would cast no reflections on any.  But Democratic papers are continually harping on the number of their party friends in the army, and casting slurs on the patriotism of their political opponents; and Republican papers, anxious for the success of our arms, and having no desire to create party bickering in the army, have allowed these insinuations generally to go unnoticed; knowing that time would show their falsity.  But in order to remind the partisan press that they are not invulnerable to criticism, we submit to their consideration the above item.

– Published in The Davenport Daily Gazette, Davenport, Iowa, Monday Morning, February 17, 1862, p. 2